[Sea gypsy women foraging for food on the sea shore, from Shan Yoma Travel & Tours Co.Ltd.]
showing a list of sceintists who have been converted to the Aquatic Ape Theory in recent years.
Tobias 1995 "We were all profoundly & unutterably wrong! ... All the former savannah supporters (incl.myself) must now swallow our earlier words ..."
Wood 1996 "... the savanna¹ hypothesis ... in which the cooling begat the savanna & the savanna begat humanity, is now discredited ..."
Stringer 1997 "One of the strong points about the aquatic theory is in explaining the origin of BPity. If our ancestors did go into the water, that would forced them to walk upright ..."
Stringer 2001 "In the past I have agreed that we lack plausible models forthe origins of bipedalism & that wading in water can facilitate BP locomotion " ... " As for coastal colonisation, I argued in my Nature N&V paper last year that this was an event in the " late Pleistocene that may have facilitated the spread of modern humans."
Groves 2004 " Nor can we exclude the Aquatic Ape Hypothesis. " Elaine Morgan has long argued that ... this includes upright posture to " cope with increased water depth as our ancestors foraged farther & further from the
lake or sea-shore."
Wrangham 2005 "Here I follow the conventional assumption that hominins began in the savanna ... For those who envisage BPism as facilitated by the need to traverse or exploit aquatic environments, an inland delta that generates low islands termito-genically or hydro-dynamically offers rich scenarios."
Alemseged 2006 "I believe we should just put the savanna theory aside."
Thorpe 2007 "... early hominins occupied woodland environments, not open or even bush-savanna environments, eg, Allia Bay, Aramis, " Assa Issie & now Laetoli ... "retained long grasping forelimbs, which are more obviously relevant in an arboreal contex ..."
Vrba 2007 "The notion that wading in shallow water played a part (Niemitz 2000, Verhaegen et al.2002) seems reasonable given what we know about the paleo-environments of many early hominid spp."
[Photograph by Fosco Maraini, from his book, Hekura, The Diving Girl's Island. Amas having to climb down a cliff face to the sea, in bare feet carrying heavy wooden tubs before they start their work diving. This shows the evolutionary adaptation of humans beings of not only being able to climb trees and cliffs but to also dive underwater.]
[Underwater photograph by Fosco Maraini, from his book, Hekura, The Diving Girl's Island.
[Venus of Willendorf between 20,000 to 30,000 years old.]
[233,000 or 800,00 year old female carving.]
[More examples of “Fat Ladies” found in Stone-Age excavations, We can see clearly that overweight women with very large breasts, hips and buttocks were not unknown in pre-historic times.]
August 2010 Scientific American Magazine, "When the Sea Saved Humanity".
The InterGlacial Island Hypothesis
My Youtube video on the Aquatic ape theory